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Transportation in myanmar


History of Myanmar Road Transport myanmar travel agent 

The history of road transport started with the transport of goods. In the 18th Century, the industrial countries were transporting raw materials and workers to factories, and from them finished goods were conveyed to ports and consumers. Steam engines were invented in the 19th Century, and introduction of steam-powered rollers had led to the flourishing of smooth gravel roads. The road transport sector developed with high acceleration after the advent of tarred roads together with the petrol- and diesel-powered engines in the 20th Century. For military purposes networks of transnational motor roads came into being continent-wise in Europe, America, Africa and Asia in addition to domestic roads. Moreover, the role of the transport commissions and administrative boards, road and bridge rules and laws, financial matters of the central and local governments, insurance and live saving, mechanical and technical sectors, traffic police and energy and communication become wider and more important. The following table shows some countries of the world that enjoyed sustainable development in the road transport sector during the 50-year period from 1939 to 1988 as they built roads for political, economic,

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Inland Water Transport History 

The present IWT's forerunner was set up in 1865. At that time, the organization functioned as a private enterprise under the name of Irrawaddy Flotilla Company Limited IFCL. The IFCL was nationalized on June 1, 1948 after gaining independence from the British Colonial Rule. Under the plan to practice new administrative order, 'Inland Water Transport Board' was renamed 'Inland Water Transport Corporation' on March 1, 1972. The present name of 'Inland Water Transport (IWT)' has been used on April 1, 1989.

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History of Myanmar Railways

The history of Myanmar Railways dates back to the colonial era of Burma. The idea of introducing a Railway transport system in Myanmar germinated in the year 1880. The British rulers planned a railway route between Phitsanoluk in northern Thailand (erstwhile Kingdom of Siam) and Moulmein in Burma. Unfortunately, the idea ended in fiasco for dearth of funds for the project.

Then in early 1939, when the Japanese forces gained control over entire South East Asia, they took initiative for building the railway link. Their sole intention was to use the railway as supply line for transport

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History of Air Transport

Myanmar Legislation for civil aviation was established in the year 1934 and subsequent regulation in the year 1937 known as Burma Aircraft Act 1934 and Burma Aircraft Rules 1937 respectively. After the independence, these laws were substituted by the Union of Burma (Adaptation of Laws) Order 1948. Now the Act and Regulation is current and formed as the primary Legislation in Myanmar as amended up to 20 August 2004. The office of the Department of Civil Aviation has existed since 1934 and after Independence in 1948, the Department contracted the senior aircraft surveyors of Air Registration Board, United Kingdom to discharge the obligation and responsibilities of civil aviation activities in Myanmar such as Flight operation and Airworthiness up to 1963. Various Senior Aircraft Surveyors from 1952 up to 1963 took office in Myanmar. Since then National Inspectors discharge the regulatory function in the area of Airworthiness and Flight Operation.

Also after independence, Myanmar engaged International Aero audio Limited (IAL) for the civil aviation radio communication services in Myanmar. In the year 1957 Myanmar terminated the services of the IAL and from that day onwards Myanmar nationals taken full responsibilities of aviation communication services in Myanmar. On 8th August 1948, Myanmar became the member of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).

As the Union of Myanmar is a member state of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and has the responsibility to ensure the safe and efficient conduct of civil aviation within her airspace by implementing the standards and recommended practices prescribed by the ICAO. The Government of the Union of Myanmar carries out its responsibilities for civil aviation by means of national legislation in the form of the Myanmar Aircraft Acts and the Myanmar Aircraft Rules, for both international as well as national requirements, and discharges its functions through the Department of Civil Aviation (DCA).

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